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The diet and fitness of diabetic nephropathy

Read |Information source:SJZ kidney disease hospital|Published:2016-02-13

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Carbohydrate

Carbohydrate is the main energy source in body, but it is also the nutrient that has the greatest effect on blood sugar levels. Therefore, it is important for the patients to cut down carbohydrate in diet. Breads and grains, fruits, milk, starchy vegetables and sweets are the main sources of carbohydrate.

Calorie

If the patients with diabetes and kidney disease should cut down protein consumption in their diet duet to protein in urine, inadequate intake of protein is very likely to cause malnutrition. To maintain a healthy body weight, the patients should increase the consumption of calorie in their diet.

Salt

Salt can increase blood pressure, which in return causes damage to kidneys and increases risk of heart disease and stroke. The patients with diabetes kidney disease are recommended to limit sodium intake to 1,500 mg daily. The patients should limit or avoid canned, processed foods and choose fresh fruits and vegetables.

Protein

The patients even with early diabetes kidney disease are recommended to limit protein intake and the daily protein should be reduced to 0.8g/d. If the patients have renal insufficiency and swelling, the protein should be reduced to 0.6g/d.

Exercise for people with diabetes kidney disease

Proper exercise has many heath benefits for people with diabetes kidney disease:

*Enhance immunity

*Better control of high blood pressure

*Benefit control of blood sugar level

*Reduce incidence of bone disease

*Delay renal function decline

The patients should choose continuous activity such as walking, swimming, bicycling, aerobic dancing, etc. Low-level strengthening exercise may also be beneficial as part of your program. Exercise should be done at least three days a week. If you experience the following discomforts, you should stop exercising.

*Very tired

*Shortness of breath

*Chest pain

* Leg cramp

*Dizziness

Moreover, the patients with diabetes kidney disease are very likely to develop low blood sugar during exercise. If the patients experience the signs of low blood sugar, they should take measures to correct it at once.

Article URL:http://www.sjzkidney.com/disease/dn/1029.html

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